Shortness of Breath in Infants and Children
**The following is a general guideline from the American Medical Association. The flowchart below allows you to easily track your symptoms and come to a possible diagnosis. Be sure to consult with you doctor if you feel you have a serious medical problem.
I did not produce this chart myself, so any treatment options on this page are completely conventional. The following flowchart was reproduced with permission.
|1. Does your child have a fever?||No||Go to Question 5.*|
|2. Does your child have a moist, productive cough and cold or flu symptoms?||Yes||Small children are prone to BRONCHIOLITIS, a cough with shortness of breath. BRONCHITIS and PNEUMONIA may also cause shortness of breath.||Take your child to your doctor right away.|
|3. Does your child have a sore throat and a dry, barking cough, or does he or she seem to have a very tight-feeling throat?||Yes||CROUP, EPIGLOTTITIS or an ABSCESS in the tonsil could cause these symptoms. All are serious infections.||Take your child to your doctor right away.|
|4. Does your child have a dry cough and cold symptoms along with shortness of breath?||Yes||Occasionally, VIRAL BRONCHITIS will cause bronchial constriction just like asthma and cause shortness of breath.||Take your child to your doctor right away.|
|*5. Is your child wheezing and short of breath?||Yes||ASTHMA can cause wheezing and can be serious, but it’s treatable.||Take your child to your doctor right away.|
|6. Does your child seem to be short of breath after he or she swallowed or choked on a toy, coin or other object?||Yes||Any small object can block an airway and cause shortness of breath or CHOKING.||Take your child to your doctor right away. Watch your child closely and allow him or her to cough (this may remove the object). If necessary, carefully clear the airway with a sweeping motion of your finger. If your child is choking, perform the HEIMLICH MANEUVER immediately, then call 911.|
|7. Does your baby ever have times during sleep when he or she seems to stop breathing?||Yes||Short episodes of not breathing may be normal, while longer episodes may be a warning sign of SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME (SIDS).||Take your child to your doctor right away.|
|For more information, please talk to your doctor. If you think the problem is serious, call your doctor right away.|
This tool has been reviewed by doctors and is for general educational purposes only. It is not a substitute for medical advice. The information in this tool should not be relied upon to make decisions about your health. Always consult your family doctor with questions about your individual condition(s) and/or circumstances.
Source: American Medical Association (2008-04-21). American Medical Association Family Medical Guide (AMA Family Medical Guide) (Kindle Locations 6690-6691). Turner Publishing Co.. Kindle Edition.